Shown here are small samples of the standard facia “board” (left) and the gutter (right) used in Philippine metal roofing. It’s best to use one of the two part epoxy primers, especially if you’re anywhere near the sea. We have a modest single story house. The cost was P603 per gallon. Today, a vast number of states and countries around the world include this type of grass on their “Top invasives” lists. The facia frame is the structural heart of the Philippine roof cornice system. These look nice but may be a maintenance headache long term compared with metal or plastic ventilated soffits. The farmers called the grass Mora and after verification, it turned out that Mora is actually Vetiver grass. See more. In the United States, it is naturalized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi… The roof above was popular in the 19th century but during the Commonwealth era one starts to see a modification which adds roof vents. The propagation and growth of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L. You have to be very careful when shopping for purlins to make sure the material is not substandard in thickness. An experiment was conducted to determine the nutritive value and nutrient digestibility in situ of cogon grass as affected by harvesting intervals in fresh and silage forms. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.) On the other side, most E. coli strains pose no harm to human health, except for serotype O157:H7, which can cause food poisoning in humans and can become a serious infection. We could have spectacular cathedral ceilings, but will likely install ceilings between 3.2 and 3.4 meters above the finish floor level giving us a 10 foot ceiling height. We wanted to incorporate at least some Filipino style into our house and also realized the advantages of attic ventilation under our hot metal roof. We shall do so but our attic ventilation is adequate without the vents at the peak. Once the trusses and or rafters are in place, a system of lightweight steel purlins are installed perpendicularly across the rafters. Followup. ... Tronix imaging Round Cogon Placemat Handmade Round Cogon Grass Coaster/Placemat 13 Inches Diameter High heat resistant trivets export quality christmas gifts souvenir and giveaways ₱ 150.00 ₱ 180.00 −16% . It’s another 3.0 meters to the roof peak. The older members of my construction crew still understand and use these old Spanish terms. You go online looking for a job so you register on. Stems are spreading and branching below withe the flowering branches 20 to 70 centimeters high. We are doing that, but it’s a big job. The total height is about 20 feet. If you can find and afford them, stainless steel screws would be far better. Once the hardener is mixed into the primer, it very difficult to clean brushes. It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. See this New York Times article on how white roofs save energy. In total, the roof is held on by at least thirty such rebars. The price of agricultural waste has increased dramatically in China and India due to market demand, and in many areas, growing Giant King Grass as a dedicated energy crop is less expensive and more reliable than using waste. This rustic bahay kubo roof design, transferred to wood frame and concrete buildings, has evolved to incorporate a ventilator in the peak of the roof. This “facia frame” extends around the entire roof edge. The photo really shows all the elements of the roof structure; the 40cm center girt at the ridge, the 35cm rafters, the collar beams and the purlins. Good quality sheet metal (such as Galvalume) riveted to the soffit frame should be a good choice. When our plans were found not to be complete enough for our crew to build the roof structure, Baby sent an engineer out to help at no charge. Certainly the aesthetic for this roof is inspired by the roof profile of the beloved Philippine “bahay kubo” native bamboo house. The plywood is referred to “11mm plywood” but actually measures 10mm. Our roofing is said to be “Galvalume” coated, that is coated with a mixture of aluminum and zinc which is supposed to be more durable than ordinary galvanized steel. 2015; EDDMapS 2016). Reflective foil under roof. Traditional Philippines houses had “dos aguas” or “quatro aguas” roofs. Cogon Grass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot Grass family (Poaceae) NATIVE RANGE Southeast Asia, Philippines, China, and Japan DESCRIPTION Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that grows from 2 to over 4 feet in height. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot de Beauvois (Cyperales: Poaceae), is a serious invasive weed in the southeastern USA. africana Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. Hardiflex appears to be similar to the asbestos-cement board we used to see, but the asbestos has been replaced with wood fiber. The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait.. “Pag bago dito, nanlilibre dapat e!” This is a typical Filipino. I have a problem with cogon grass creeping into my yard from across the street. It has a plain and rolling land terrain. We were told we should wire brush the heads and repaint them. The reducer is about P420 per gallon. The other problem we have had with our house roof is corrosion where the downspouts connect to the gutters. In retrospect (5-12) this was probably not a good decision for our very exposed location. I consider the use of these sealants to be a bad sign. The coin is Not For Sale. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … Native range – Thailand, Philippines, Japan, portions of East China. If you can afford it, the .6mm roofing is very worthwhile. Find premium, high-resolution stock photography at Getty Images. Cogon grass in the Philippines. Rhizomes much extended, equally noded and white. This system seems to work. Since a hole punched in the soffit can open up access to the building, we felt that plywood was a more secure choice than the brittle Hardiflex. The hip roof has been very popular in traditional Philippine buildings and for good reason. Perspective Drawing for our Tigbauan House. Learn how your comment data is processed. Of course Filipinos know about the hardships of provincial life, but those don’t seem to dilute the romantic attraction of life in the provinces. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Soffits. Once they see and feel that your motivation to work disappears, it’s possible that they will lose their confidence in you. We were dubious about the durability of foam under such extremely hot conditions. One thing is for sure, we need both. We did not see any roofs of this type blown off during Typhoon Frank in Iloilo City. Cogon grass field in windy. Cogon grass was accidentally introduced to the United States early in the 20th century as packing material in Japanese orange crates. The purlins can be initially first pop-riveted to the rafters, then when the all adjustments have been made, welded to them. Iloilo City. The roofing and gutters have generally held up well. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed worldwide . While this has not been a problem on our house roof. We see little corrosion of the roofing on the house. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. Here’s our original design for a two story house. Mats Price List December 2020 - Philippines. Over time, we may have problems with termites or other wood borers. Cogon grass field in windy. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The purlins support the long span steel roofing, but before the roof itself is put on, a metal “facia frame” is installed around the perimeter of the roof. The first trial planting of Mora to test its adaptability to an acid infertile upland area of Matalom was done by the project in January 1990. The price of agricultural waste has increased dramatically in China and India due to market demand, and in many areas, growing Giant King Grass as a dedicated energy crop is less expensive and more reliable than using waste. Located centrally in the city, Cogon overlooks Tagbilaran Bay to the west, to the south, it is bounded by Poblacion 2, to the east by Barangay Dampas and Dao and to the north by Barangay Booy. In this case we seem to have gotten away with this snap decision. We don’t like the look of them, but if you do, they may be a good choice. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. May 5, 2010 roofing arrives. Most trusses use the interior walls of the house for support so that the spans are shorter. Doing your best is always a requirement for anything you do. “Long span” means that the roofing sheets are long enough to reach from eave to peak without joints. It has a plain and rolling land terrain. You get two cans per gallon, the primer and a smaller can of hardener. By exhibiting this kind of attitude, we cannot ever establish the trust of important people, the people that play important roles in our rise and fall. The blackish material you see in the photo below is epoxy paint to try to reduce the corrosion. Metal trusses of of various designs rise from the roof beam which top the hollow block walls. Those days when we just starting, nobody wants to order from us , sometimes a purchaser said " ningas cogon lang kayo " this mean "The phrase “ ningas cogon” is actually a Filipino idiom which describes someone who is only doing well, in whatever it is that they’re doing, during the beginning. This photo shows the purlins installed across the rafters (trusses). This not been true of the same roofing material used on our garage. The 35cm wide rafters use the same angle bar. Cogon grass fields are often burned after being cut. The roofers cut a hole in the bottom of the gutter and fashion a spout which fits into the top of the downspout out of the steel roofing material. Cogon is a barangay in the city of Tagbilaran, in the province of Bohol, Philippines. This is a soffit with decorative ventilation on an old building in Lucban, Quezon Province. The underside of the garage roofing, the purlins and the “tek” screws have been exposed to wet typhoon winds and have corroded with alarming speed. This spacing improves the reflective properties of the foil. Web Design By Carl Ocab Digital Marketing, Disproving The Common Misconceptions About Video Resume, How Video Resume Will Change The Future Of Recruitment In The Philippines, Things You Need To Know About The Future Of Job Search, How To Use Job Pinoy To Build Your Brand As A Recruiter And An Employer, Here’s How Video Resume Can Help Recruiters Find The Best Employee, Increase Your Credibility As A Candidate: How Showing Your Soft Skills Can Get You Hired Faster, 45 Seconds Or Less Is All You Need: Tips On How To Make An Impressive and Concise Video Resume, “Burning Cogon Grass” or Ningas-Kugon Kills Filipino Success, Step-by-Step Ways To Create A Video Resume, Advantage of Cover Video Solutions to Job Seekers, Benefits of Using Video Resume Over Traditional Resume. Located centrally in the city, Cogon overlooks Tagbilaran Bay to the west, to the south it is bounded by Poblacion 2, to the east by Dampas and Dao and to the north by Booy. As sad it is, this detrimental trait has been associated with us Filipinos as some of us have shown, or still shows, this behavior. Of course the steeper roof meant more roof area and more roofing materials. Soffits are one of the parts (along with gutters) of the Philippine house that tend to deteriorate quickly and to require the most maintenance. See also your problems with catch basins settling and disconnecting downspouts at Beware of clay soils in Philippine construction. The surface area of our roof is about 300 square meters. This is a very slick, economical and attractive system which provides a durable roof able to withstand the monsoons, typhoons, termites and other rigors of life in the Philippines at a moderate cost. An annual, erect, tufted grass, 30 to 80 cm high with a prominent underground stem. (1792) Imperata arundinacea var. These sealants always fail. (1840) Imperata angolensis Fritsch (1901) Imperata arundinacea Cyr. Cogon grass in the Philippines. My only reservation is that roof sealants (Elastaseal, Vulcoseal etc.) This grass,cogon, is too thick and strong to be turned by therude plows in use, and immense portions of the countryhave thus become useless except for pasture. Leaves are narrow lanceolate, flat and thin, glabrous, 8 to 20 centimeters long, 5 to 15 millimeters wide. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. Our immediate supervisors at work, our teachers at school, our parents. The holes are positioned so as to leave a 1/2″ air space between the foil and the underside of the roofing. Translated in our culture, it means when a person shows great enthusiasm while undertaking an endeavor only for it to fade away as time goes along. To recap; a system of lightweight steel purlins are installed perpendicular to the trusses. In today’s fast-paced digital age, you will need every advantage to. This has proved to be a blessing. Thanks to those rhizomes, new tufts of grass will also pop up as far as 15′ from a previous clump of grass. The design of our roof includes two large vents high in the roof. Cogongrass was introduced into the southeastern USA in the early 1900s as packing material and as a livestock forage grass, putatively from Japan and the Philippines, respectively , and has since spread throughout the southeastern USA from Texas to North Carolina (Burrell et al. We have to keep in mind that this common Philippine roofing system is designed for economy. Guimbal has a new city hall but thankfully has preserved the very elegant older one. Having lived in the house for four years, we have found another big advantage to the insulation is that the roof is MUCH quieter when it rains. For all of our sakes, this trait needs to be removed from our mindset. Then in a flash you are in the provinces, in a bahay kubo,maybe with some pretty capiz windows–a harmonious pastoral life populated with kindly, wise lolos and lolas with birds singing and maybe a carabao contentedly ploughing in the background! Material options for the soffits include pre-painted, ventilated steel soffit packages, plastic ventilated soffits material, Hardiflex brand cement board and plywood. Filipinos, rich or poor, seem to have a deep attachment to life in the provinces. They might see your behavior as a sign of surrender that will make them see you as a lost cause and just stop playing these important roles which will contribute to your advancement. Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. Total protein in the pollen extracts ranged from 281.3-968.61 μg/ml. This is usually done by a crew working for the company which sells the roofing. We paid P400 each for them in April 2010 but steel prices are going up rapidly. Dark metal roof colors are quite popular in the Philippines, we guess because they give the look of clay tile roofs. The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. 3-23-10 The center girt and first rafter go up and we decide on more roof pitch. This is a photo of a very simple roof. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. This photo also shows electrical conduit running from outlets to the panel box. Photo from HCS. They are decocted and used to treat urinary tract infections, fevers, thirst etc. Here are the metal facia and the gutter positioned on a facia frame. It’s fairly common to install a thin foil-faced foam insulation under the roofing to try to reduce heat transfer. Many farmers thought that Mora was not adaptable to the uplands. Termites are a part of this, but Philippine forests have been almost entirely cut off and wood is quite expensive. We have been living in our house for almost six years. A neighbor has a very similar house with metal roofing and Hardiflex ceilings but no insulation. The fiberglass insulation added about P50,000. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. We nearly always call-out this sort of attitude, whether it be your sister’s suitor or an elected government official acting like it. Supposedly the paint is applied in a Taiwan factory. This frame supports and is hidden by a metal facia “board”. You can get creative. In a land where buildings are buffeted by typhoons every year, the hip roof is streamlined, giving the winds little purchase. Steel trusses of various designs rise from the topmost concrete roof beam. The trusses are welded to stubs of rebar previously embedded in the roof beam for that purpose. The trusses are welded to stubs of rebar protruding through and well anchored in the concrete roof beam. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Just consider the current crop of TV soaps which alternate between a sorid, squabbling life in huge, pretentious houses in Manila, lives filled with greed, envy and bickering. If a downspout is clogged the water will overflow the gutter. It is essential that you are at your best, and you can achieve that for a day. (One reader suggests that this is inadequate. (1802) Imperata allang Jungh. 31,106 Products . Turnbuckles welded to rebar are used to bring rafters into alighnment before purlins are attached. Generally .4mm is used as it’s the least expensive. The rivet heads are recessed and filled. Its literal meaning is defined as: “burning of cogon grass,” a grass that only burns brightly after the first few seconds it was lit. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed worldwide . The said industry is an enormous battlefield that needs to be won. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Worse, the domino pieces might fall and also negatively influence your own self-confidence. The concrete floor will be poured over the conduit. Agricultural waste is seasonal, because it is only available after the food crop such as corn is harvested. Later in the century, it was purposefully imported from the Philippines as a forage grass, but it … These over-complex roofs are a recent development in the Philippines. And to be at your best, your mindset must follow as well. This photo shows the perimeter wall, the carport, the bahay kubo and my “office”. We dealt with Victoria “Baby” Ang. For all those years the management keeps on battling with the ups and downs of the organization. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. So, durability of the Philippine roofing system seems dependant on it being a closed system, not open to the elements as it it with our garage. Workers install Mahogany ventilator in roof peak of our new home, More at /our-house-project-design-devolution/. This angle bar is P305 for a 6 meter length. Performing in full capacity and maintaining it are two different beasts. Like Like. It’s cheaper than wood. Here’s a little about the architectural design of our roof. Cogon definition, a tall, coarse grass, Imperata cylindrica, of the tropics and subtropics, used widely for thatching. This makes a big difference, especially sleeping on stormy nights. The center girt is 40cm wide and is welded up from 2″ x 2″ angle bar, 5mm for the frame and 3mm for the webbing. almost 5 decades. Since we were trying to give our house a bit of a traditional feel, the metal soffit system, while very practical, are a little too reminiscent of a mobile home for us. Founded in 1987, Loreta Rafisura, a nurse turned entrepreneur and her husband, started Salay Handmade Paper to provide employment for the people of Salay in the Philippines. We were told to expect to pay about P500 per square foot for our roof but using better materials drove the price higher. All surfaces of the plywood are primed before installation. Cogon grass is a perennial grass that can be found commonly thrives around areas where disturbed by human activities (figure 1). It’s possible that thinner gauge roofing is also noisier. This requires less steel and saves money. All vents are screened from above. However, it is well known globally that Filipinos are hardworking due to the success our fellow countrymen have attained across our different fields which means there is still hope that this stigma that some have caused to spread can be erased. The roofing is available in a range of colors. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. https://myphilippinelife.com/lessons-from-yolanda-building-construction/, New York Times article on how white roofs save energy, Philippine Electrical Wiring - Building our Philippine House, Our Philippine House Project - Roof and Roofing, Our house project: building a hollow block perimeter wall, Digging a water well, perimeter fence, filling, Floors, Ceramic Tile, Plastering, Finishing and Painting, Keeping Cool – Air Conditioning and Ceiling Fans, Recommendations – What we did right — and wrong, We build a "bahay kubo" bamboo guest house, Banking, Immigration, Internet and other services, Charities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), Internet Access and Computing in the Philippines, Mail and Shipping, postal and remailing services, Crime and Security – keeping safe in the Philippines, Doctors, dentists, hospitals and medical care, Iloilo Doctors, Dentists, Hospitals and Medical Care, Manila doctors, dentists, hospitals and medical care, Prescription drugs and medications in the Philippines, Heritage, Nature, Environment, Museums, Outdoors, Perspectives and Essays – Life in the Philippines. 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Work, our architectural model all Times, they developed their trademark handmade paper using cogon fields..., and 5 to 9 mm wide out that Mora was not adaptable to the and... Some conclusions from Typhoon Yolanda damage in Tacloban, including ways that roof! To 50 cm long, and you can afford it, the domino pieces might and! Are buffeted by typhoons every year, the matching ridge caps and any other accessories go.! Prominent underground stem poured over the conduit here ’ s another 3.0 meters to the can... Beauv. first found growing wild in Alabama in 1912 trait that unfortunately has been very popular especially!