Also spelled  Buhl or Boull. Polishing – In the seventeenth century it seems to have been the practice to polish oak furniture by means of rubbing in poppy or linseed oil, often dyed with alkanet root. In the eighteenth century and before, the mouldings used were based on architectural designs and had a boldness of shape and execution which nineteenth century makers with machines to do the work failed to maintain. << Honduras mahogany was either oil  varnished or rubbed with linseed oil and brick dust to give a hard polish. Cam Usually a tongue fixed to the end of the plug of a cylinder lock or latch. Diaper – A decorative pattern of diamond-shaped lines with dots or forms inside. Used particularly in mid- and later eighteenth century in Gothic or Chinese taste. Application - a program in which you do your work. ��Q���~+I+�'�բ)$QOD����dݕ��{GT�D�^ub#�Z~+< �k���'�SH��a��)�`�^H�� ){��3#���)��fp���YBp�^�^����Jn�gvhћh���t�6Qy)��z��LNe��Ʊ��눝�V���J�dK�mU�}K���ADO M�SMO. bench dog. Shell – The shell, or scallop, was a popular decorative motif in the walnut and early mahogany period, covering the years from 1700 up to c.1770. We are currently open Tuesday through Saturday from 10 am to 5 pm. Acanthus Leaves. The centre itself is very modern (with good aircon) and the teachers make use of different media to make the learning experience more engaging. Stringing – Thin lines of inlay used as formal decoration, usually made in contrasting woods such as box, with possibly ebony and box patterning in later eighteenth century pieces. Back . By Christine Stewart . Furniture Glossary of Terms. Stylized carving of the acanthus leaf commonly used to decorate furniture. Spanish or Cuban mahogany was either rubbed with linseed oil or wax and often stained with alkanes root or some other dye to obtain the red colour then very popular. Ormolu – A gilt composition metal used as a surface ornamentation on metal mounts, etc. Ball & Claw – a design incorporating a ball clutched by a claw, much used as a foot on cabriole leg furniture from c. 1710 and reproduced into the present day. 10 0 obj Lowboy – A term, probably of American origin, now used to describe a dressing table or side table usually on cabriole legs. Console Table – A wall side table supported by brackets. In English furniture the foot is usually longer than it is tall. For example, the relative link of this Glossary to the ICT4LT homepage is ../en/en_glossary.htm whereas it's 0 Basket Account * Contact Help ... Back to main Garden Furniture Landscaping Garden Living Water Features Patio Heaters Wild Bird Food Bird Care Accessories Bird Feeders. Finial – A turned knob used at the intersection of stretchers on tables, chairs and stools to complete a design effect. Furniture Collectors' Glossary PDF - reading online is now so easy! Reeding – Convex raised beads on furniture: the opposite of fluting. at the Restoration or Charles II period. �rө�Y?\��MybpYY�Z6rCYX�VM 9�p��B8��~��hF)sdwq�?�[1��(j�2{_��C���K`��|zzc1�Cx�&eC^�e�%;5��2 ª{�(P�-��uę�0��������Gw��d �l���Np�r[�5���= N k��$���n��4�k/��ᘕZf��@#8��ס��}|)T�!|u�O�QL��4�؊fl H�j s�#����E/���n-�ۙ�a��)ȣ�_�\. Motion furniture - Furniture designed with the ability to be used in different positions, and be able to move. Sitka spruce This is a close and straight grained wood with a high strength-to-weight ratio. Jun 3, 2014 - A Glossary of Furniture Terms Infographic. �8�)�����#�y��;�֛=��[�}�V;}����6.4�ˌ۟xk���=<61N9�ӵ���E���;����%6�4� wɽ) Patina – The deny surface shine or gloss produced by years of undisturbed polishing and rubbing. Birdcage Gallery – a construction used under the top of a tripod table to enable it to revolve as well as tip up. Pieces of solid wood that have been hand-carved or shaped by machine and glued onto a piece of furniture. Cabochon – design motif found often on the knees of chairs of the early mahogany period – c.1740, consisting of a ball shape usually surrounded by leaf ornament. On the best walnut furniture the mouldings were always cut across the grain, although those along the sides of a piece of furniture might be cut along the grain on lesser quality pieces to save time and money. Rails – The horizontal part of a joined frame of a panelled piece of furniture. Plinth – The square base of a column; also used to describe the flat base support of a piece of furniture. Cushion Drawer – A drawer set in the upper moulding or frieze of a secretaire or chest having a convex, or ‘cushion’, shape to the front. Dovetailing – One of the broad methods of dating a chest is by the dovetailing. Denia itself is quite laid back and has a large selection of restaurants. Dowel – A wooden peg used to fasten timber joints. Furniture Care Tips.com : Home Antique Furniture Fine Furniture Care Outdoor Furniture Care Products Furniture Directory Furniture Glossary. Furniture Plan - The furniture plan locates and identifies the new and existing furniture in the proposed floorplan. About 1790 some drawer bottoms had a central bearer introduced and were made in two halves running across again. Used from the sixteenth century. Scagliola – A plaster and marble chip composition, made to imitate marble, used for table tops in the eighteenth century. Furniture Dictionary . End Standards – The supporting ends of a table or stool. Blind Fret – fretwork glued or carved upon a solid surface. About 1710 an alternative form appeared. Example near bases. This will be very helpful if you are interested in antiques and want to learn and understand the styles and construction. Furniture is constructed out of dark, glossy woods such as walnut, rosewood and mahogany. The team is very friendly and professional, both in terms of the teaching and support outside the classroom. Note some drawers have side runners, i.e. Between the drawer fronts the carcase was flat. Also called a bench stop. About 1810 the process of French polishing began by using shellac dissolved in spirit. Also loosely used to describe the top of a night table. The inverted heart shape was much used in the furniture of this style and bronze beaten plaques were also popular as decoration. Paw Foot – A foot design used on cabriole legs in the mideighteenth  century. Different Antique Furniture Terminology From A to Z. Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating, eating, and sleeping… Most conventional modern houses will at least contain a bedroom, bathroom, kitchen or cooking area, and a living room. All modern veneered furniture is covered in these thin knife-cut sheets. Hairy Feet – Derogatory slang for fine carved paw feet, mainly after Hope and Smith, c.1820. Pediment – A moulding or shape above the cornice of bookcases and other furniture. From the Victorian period paper thin veneers came into use and were obviously attractive because of the saving in wood. Often placed at the meeting of doors to keep out dust. To be distinguished from inlays by the fact that design is veneered on to a carcase and not cut into the solid. DOWNLOAD PDF READ ONLINE PDF. Escutcheon – A motif used as a center decoration. Frets – Fretwork either applied or cut from solid and used as decoration. Loose Cover: A throw or fitted cover that goes over a sofa, chair, etc. This was a strip of wood – usually oak – fixed under the drawer at each end which ran on horizontal bearers on the underlinings of a chest. Below is a list of 18 common terms to help bridge the gap between art lover and art professional. A glossary of furniture related terms and acronyms to help you better understand styles, design and furniture construction. Jadiniere – A piece of furniture for containing flowers or plants indoors. During the second half of the seventeenth and early eighteenth century the number of dovetails increased but they remained fairly crude and large. Initially it is probable that a vertically veneered front with simple diagonal grain crossbanding – a sort of half herring-bone – was used. Terminology Please note that these translations are only a guide, and any difference in spelling from one source to another is due to the translation from Chinese characters to the English alphabet. Rococo – An extravagant style, using much scroll work and of exuberant nature in its motifs, very predominant in the 1740-50 period and reappearing again in the 1840-50 Victorian era. Pad Foot – A round foot at the base of a cabriole or straighter turned leg. This continued up to the present day. Bamboo – the bamboo form as a leg or otherwise was popular during the influence of Eastern designs in 1740-1760, and again at the turn of the eighteenth into the nineteenth century. The cockbead solved the lip moulding breakage problem and was used on mahogany furniture from 1730 throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth century, although plain mahogany drawers without any beading were also common. Usually lined with lead or zinc to enable watering to be done without rotting the wood. Tenon – A joint form shaped to fit exactly into a cavity called a mortise. Furniture & Design Terms. Used on gateleg and Pembroke tables. Astragal – small semicircular convex bead moulding used as glazing bars and to hide joints. 1. Indeed, oak and walnut furniture of this period was also stained this way. A Dutch influence seen in Elizabethan and Jacobean furniture. Jun 3, 2014 - A Glossary of Furniture Terms Infographic. Patera – A round or oval decoration either applied, carved or painted on wood, used as an ornament. The carcase front edging was, in this case, flat veneered, obviating the need for D- or double D-mouldings. Canted Corner – Bevelled or chamfered corners, found on carcase furniture – chests, bureaux, etc., sometimes decorated with a blind fret, reeding, fluting, etc. Originally these veneers were hand cut with a saw and were fairly thick – up to an eighth of an inch. The linings used continued to be oak or pine and in later furniture, from about 1770, the bottom was made with the grain running across instead of front to back. Cavetto – A hollowed, concave moulding of quarter-circle section. Carcase edges were flat veneered, as were projecting edges. Clubfoot – Virtually the same as a pad foot and most commonly found on cabriole legs. Used from early oak period – sixteenth century onwards. Furniture Terminology. Stretcher – The wooden connecting strut between legs of tables and chairs. Curvilinear. Art Deco: A style popular from the 1920s to the 1930s characterised by bold geometric designs. It looks like this book is on our website merchantnavymemorialtrust.org.uk. Bulbous – heavy / bulb looking turned wood supports and bases. Below is a list of terminology very often used in antique furniture in alphabetical order. Usually double-D moulding, cut, like the single version, across the grain, was used to maintain the proportion on broader carcase front edgings. Bobbin Turning – turning of baluster in the shape of bobbins, one on top of another. However, when the change to veneered walnut furniture took place, a variety of possibilities came about. The word combines the Latin curvare meaning “to curve, bend” and linea, “line”. Used with mahogany and rosewood as decoration and usually a mark of quality. Using key words in web headlines, standfirsts and captions to make sure a story comes up as high as possible on a web search. Although used earlier, it is most frequently found in mahogany furniture from 1730 and continued to be popular among Victorians. On tables the piece directly under the top that connects the legs. It can be solid or pierced, plain or carved. More correctly, they are often the factor which ultimately determines its originality and extent to which it has been restored or ‘improved’ with a view to pre-dating or faking a later piece. The design seems to have declined after 1750 until early Victorian times, when it was revived. Active program or window - The application or window at the front (foreground) on the monitor. These Terms and Conditions will not apply to small (“T84”) (next day delivery) furniture products (e.g. Loper – The rectangular section length of wood under a bureau fall which pulls out to support the fall when open. Its use seems to have declined after the William and Mary period (1689-1702) and was revived again in the late eighteenth century. coffee tables) which are covered by our General Terms and Conditions of Sale. French polishing has developed much since then and is now a much shorter process than the original method. Ball foot – a turned round or spherical shaped foot used mainly in the 17th century. Cabriole Leg – introduced to England in the early eighteenth century and originally terminating in a hoof foot, the cabriole leg was subject to many design variations and was produced with pad, hoof, claw and ball, paw and scroll foot according to taste. Mitre Joint – A joint made by fitting together two surfaces cut at an angle of 45 degrees. This glossary of woodworking lists a number of specialized terms and concepts used in woodworking, carpentry, and related ... A typically rounded or semicircular decorative treatment cut into a square edge of a moulding or a piece of wooden furniture. Used in mahogany furniture as a frieze under top mouldings and on canted corners. A country form of simple crossbanding to drawers was used, with the half herring-bone, well into the first half of the eighteenth century. Furniture includes objects such as tables, chairs, beds, desks, dressers, or cupboards…v Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as sitting (e.g., chairs, stools, and sofas), eating (tables), and sleeping (e.g., beds). Resin/plastic shapes are sometimes used as imitations for applied carving. Cartouche – A decoration, usually in the form of a flat surface with shield or scroll shape on which an inscription or monogram can be placed. Jun 3, 2014 - A Glossary of Furniture Terms Infographic. Used around drawer edges to lip over carcase fronts in walnut and early mahogany furniture up to c.1745. 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