The existing Constitution was adopted for implementation by the 5th Session of the 5th National People’s Congress on December 4, 1982. 1973 and the Assembly published the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. USA.gov, III. In practice, however, these freedoms are not institutionally protected. It sets out how all the elements of About | The Constitution states that the People's Republic of China is a socialist state under the people's democratic leadership led by the working class and based on … In essence the Constitution embodies the ideal of "sovereignty of the people," guarantees human rights and freedoms, provides for a central government with five branches and a local self-government system, … 19, 2011, last amended Feb. 6, 2016), http://www.gov.cn/gongbao/content/2016/content_ 5139389.htm, archived at https://perma.cc/P9HD-FGHH, English translation of 2006 version available at https://www.cecc. External Link Disclaimer | ROC introduction. A constitution as a legal, social and political document [7], Article 70 of the Law further provides that the publication or transmission of any information specified under paragraph 2 of article 12 of this Law or other laws or administrative regulations is subject to penalties prescribed by relevant laws and regulations.[8]. ROC introduction. In March 1978 the 5th NPC approved another new Constitution of 1978. The present Sixth Edition of the Constitution is distinctive as it As a matter of practical Official blog from the Law Library of Congress, Back to Index of Limits on Freedom of Expression. Presentation On CHINESE CONSTITUTION By- Rani Aishwarya Lahiri 2. Donate [12], Those who produce, broadcast, or provide to overseas users programs containing such content may be criminally prosecuted or subject to administrative penalties, according to article 49 of the Regulation.[13]. It was discussed in the public and it is stated that about 8,000 persons discussed it in Peking and other provincial cities. Foreign media organizations and their journalists must be approved by and register with the Chinese foreign affairs authority and obtain relevant certificates. [9] Regulation on the Administration of Publishing (promulgated by the State Council on Dec. 25, 2001, revised Mar. The current version was adopted in 1982 with further revisions in 1988, 1993, 1999, and 2004.There are four levels of the court syste… Constitution Of The People's Republic Of China Originally adopted December 4, 1982. General Program. A resume of the provisions (discussed in the article Salient features of Chinese Constitution) that China is a socialist country (which is) led by the peasants and workers and in which the capitalists have practically no place. As a result of these discussions, the draft was once again revised and was finally approved by the Central People’s Government Council on September 9, 1954. About us. Similarly, the Regulation on Radio and Television Administration, which was first promulgated by the State Council in 1997 and has not been majorly revised since then, prohibits radio and television stations from producing or broadcasting programs containing the following content: (1)  that which endangers the unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country; (2)  that which endangers state security, honour and interests; (3)  that which instigates nationality separation or disrupts nationality solidarity; (4)  that which divulges state secrets; (5)  that which slanders or insults others; (6)  that which propagates obscenity, superstition or plays up violence; and, (7)  other contents prohibited under provisions of laws and regulations. It vests all national legislative power in the hands of the National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee. China makes no pretence to be - or to want to be - a democracy in the Western style unlike the other countries whose political systems are described on this web site. Principles and Concepts The constitution at the intersection of legal, social and political life As legal, political and social documents, constitutions are at the intersection of the legal system, the political system and society (see Figure 2.1). [17] Compared with journalists working for China’s state-controlled media, foreign journalists appear to have less opportunities to be called on at the press conferences of the Two Sessions. Decorations of the Republic of China (Taiwan) Government organizations. Public speeches of wide impact on forbidden subjects could result in punishment, including criminal sentences. In September 1954 the All China People’s National Congress was elected. PART II CITIZENSHIP 5. Parliament cannot override it.The world’s longest constitution is the Indian’s constitution. The proclaimed sovereignty of the people is in fact a mask for the supremacy of the Communist. The first version of the Chinese constitution presented here was that of December 4, 1982. Foreign journalists also need “foreign journalist cards” in order to report China’s “Two Sessions”—the meetings of the National People’s Congress and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. According to the Constitution and the Organic Law of the People's Courts of 1979 as amended in 1983, China practices a system of courts characterized by " four levels and two instance of trials". Organization of the Office of the President. [3] Xianfa (Dec. 4, 1982, last revised Mar. The legal system of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is defined by the government as a “socialist legal system.” Despite the official definition, however, China’s legal system is based primarily on the model of Civil Law. According to the Constitution, all power in the PRC belongs to the people and is to be exercised through the National People’s Congress (NPC) and local people’s congresses at lower governmental levels.4 Thus, the NPC in appearance sits on top of China's political power structure as the supreme organ of the state. People's Republic of China (1949- ) On October 1, 1949 a grand ceremony was witnessed by 300,000 people in Beijing's Tiananmen Square, and Mao Zedong, chairman of the Central People's Government, solemnly proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China is nominally the supreme law of the People's Republic of China.It was adopted by the 5th National People's Congress on December 4, 1982, with further revisions about every five years.It is the fourth constitution in the country's history, superseding the 1954 constitution, the 1975 constitution, and the 1978 constitution. 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